Terahertz photoresponse of black phosphorus
Published/Posted: June 1, 2017
Authors: Leong, E.; Suess, R. J.; Suess, A. B.; Drew, H. D.; Murphy, T. E.; Mittendorff, M.
DOI: 10.1364/OE.25.012666Abstract: Two-dimensional black phosphorus is a new material that has gained widespread interest as an active material for optoelectronic applications. It features high carrier mobility that allows for efficient free-carrier absorption of terahertz radiation, even though the photon energy is far below the bandgap energy. Here we present an efficient and ultrafast terahertz detector, based on exfoliated multilayer flakes of black phosphorus. The device responsivity is about 1 mV/W for a 2.5 THz beam with a diameter of 200 µm, and is primarily limited by the small active area of the device in comparison to the incident beam area. The intrinsic responsivity is determined by Joule heating experiments to be about 44 V/W, which is in agreement with predictions from the Drude conductivity model. Time resolved measurements at a frequency of 0.5 THz reveal an ultrafast response time of 20 ps, making black phosphorus a candidate for high performance THz detection at room temperature.